The mindset of different areas were very different than they are today. Paradigms were far from where we are now. You normally only knew about a small area, didn't move too far from where you were born, and had a rather simple life. Everyone worked, communication was lax, and education was non-existent, depending on where you lived. Cities were often dirty and heavily class-based.
In an ancient/medieval setting, teenagers were pretty much adults so yeah, things like marriage and professions would be in the forefront of their mind. Zits would be a thing that was there, but wouldn't be important considering all the other things they would have to worry about. I would strongly suggest doing some research on the lifestyles of people living during those times.
Girls at the age of 12-14 (if nobility) were being married off and boys were off learning trades (seeking their professions). Farmers and serfs were doing hard labor well into their twenties before they married. In those times you were either a child or you were an adult. There was no real transitional stage. Seriously, do extensive research on the topic.
The term "teenagers" is actually 1920's slang. That was the time when people were much more able to enjoy luxuries and the middle class was growing so there were more children able to enjoy the transitional stages between childhood and adulthood more freely. Something most people don't understand when talking about anything before the 1900s.
I have. The culture I'm basing it on is Macedonia after the military reforms of Philip II. A noble boy was first sent to basic schooling sometime in childhood, so before or at ten. At some point probably early puberty (11-13) they started to be taught soldiering, in addition to the regular curiculum, through classes in horsemanship, lancing, swordsmanship, and archery. When they reached 16, they were added to the regular army, normally into the Hezetairoi, the Companion Cavalry.
That's why I said for it to be descriptive of the growth spurt. My character is being confronted by boys in his class, and he's realizing that fighting is going end less and less with bruises and more with broken bones.
No. But the setting for this one is based on ancient history in Greece and Macedonia, where there was school-like institution for the noble class. I just gave an example to ~Moonshine-Sonata if you want to see.
They used swords and spears, and marched to battle in formation. Too me ancient Greece wasn't that much difference than the rest of Europe in the medieval age. I guess it's a good thing I'm writing fiction, ey?
"Coming of age" sounds like something that would resemble puberty (though it could mean multiple things) during an ancient setting. I'm certain there are more, and they're right on the tip of my tongue but not coming to me. I'm sure I'll think of them eventually.